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The rise of ChatGPT | How far are we willing to go?

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When asked what industries ChatGPT could disrupt, David Nguyen, the Edson W. Spencer Chair for Innovation and Entrepreneurship at the U of M said, “Possibly all.”

MINNEAPOLIS — We’ve seen the movie before — artificial intelligence sounds and acts like a human but has superhuman capabilities.

Suddenly, this sci-fi, tech tipping point is here…at least the prototype.

In November, San Francisco-based OpenAI launched its latest version of the chatbot called ChatGPT (the GPT stands for Generative Pre-trained Transformer). Within two months, the program had 30 million users, according to The New York Times. By contrast, it took Instagram about a year to get 10 million users.

This chatbot can converse like a human. It can write original poetry, essays, computer code and much more, all as if it were human. Not only can it handle mundane questions like Siri or Alexa, but it also computes deeply thoughtful answers to complex questions, which has impressed literary scholars.

When asked what industries this type of AI could disrupt, David Nguyen, the Edson W. Spencer Chair for Innovation and Entrepreneurship at the University of Minnesota, replied, “I don’t know. Possibly all.”

ChatGPT is not alive. It doesn’t feel or think. Coding experts say it’s pattern matching. When you give it a prompt, the app scrubs through all the data and literature it’s been given, weighing the most appropriate answer word by word, and mimics the way a human would write it.

Not too different from the way your smartphone guesses the next word you want to write in a text, but on a much higher computational level.

“When you think about chatbots like, ‘Hey Chris, how’s it going? You want to do this?’ We text back and forth. But with ChatGPT, you can ask it things like, ‘Write me a 600-word essay on the nature of life,’ and it will do it,” said Nguyen.

In recent months, media company CNET revealed it used AI to write a bunch of financial news articles, but they were plagued with errors and plagiarism that needed heavy human editing, according to the company.

Buzzfeed announced its intent to use AI for personalized quizzes and other content.

At the same time, all public schools in New York City banned ChatGPT from school devices and Wi-Fi networks.

But instead of shunning it at the University of Minnesota, law school professors put it to the test. They gave ChatGPT four law exams comprising 95 multiple-choice questions and 12 essays, and then they blindly graded the tests.

It made mistakes, the professors said, but passed all four exams, with a C+ average.

“There were no typos, perfect grammar, a solid organization,” said John Choi, an assistant professor at the U of M Law School. “What did it do poorly on? Generally, what we think of as core legal skills. So, the ability to spot potential legal problems. The ability to do deep analysis. Those kinds of things ChatGPT really struggled with.”

Across the river at the U’s school of journalism, professor Scott Libin started making assignments more specific. There’s talk among faculty of even bringing back handwritten assignments because of ChatGPT, he said.

“[Students] are talking about it; not so much to me,” said Libin. “In teaching, I think part of the response has to be to craft assignments with a little bit more sophistication.”

“What’s ChatGPT really capable of?” Sam Altman, CEO of OpenAI, asked in a tweet. “ChatGPT is incredibly limited, but good enough at some things to create a misleading impression of greatness. It’s a mistake to be relying on it for anything important right now.”

Artificial intelligence like ChatGPT appears to be able to answer almost any question you throw at it, but the real question moving forward is: How far are we willing to let it go?

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DNR proposal to sell 80,000 acres of land in the BWCAW

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The school trust lands would transfer to federal ownership and officials said it would benefit Minnesota’s public education system.

MINNEAPOLIS — The Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, the Minnesota Office of School Trust Lands and the U.S. Forest Service- Superior National Forest have proposed a plan to sell land in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness to the federal government to benefit the state’s public schools. 

According to information from the DNR, the state, U.S. Forest Service and The Conservation Fund (TCF) have been trying to find a way to exchange school trust lands in the BWCAW for lands outside and this process has yet to yield an outcome. 

Find more information about the land proposal originally drafted in 2012 here. 

In this new proposal, published on Thursday, the DNR would remove the school trust designation from around 80,000 acres of state lands and those acres would be purchased by the federal government using federal Land Water Conservation Funds. 

Officials said this agreement would “uphold Minnesota’s fiduciary responsibility” to generate money for the Permanent School Fund and help to provide a continual source of income for the state’s K-12 schools. 

Since the cancellation of the 2012 land exchange, TCF also wants to sell up to 15,000 acres in the Superior National Forest, outside the BWCAW, directly to the U.S. Forest Service. The DNR said they are also evaluating the land in consultation with the U.S. Forest Service, counties and Tribes to identify land suitable for state acquisition. 

Funding will still be needed for the Minnesota DNR to buy the land. 

“The state’s school trust lands are designated to maximize long-term economic return for the Permanent School Fund and provide a continual source of funding for every K-12 public school district in the state,” said Sarah Strommen, commissioner of the Minnesota DNR in a press release. “This important land transaction ensures that the DNR can fulfill its fiduciary responsibility to the school trust. We are pleased to work with the U.S. Forest Service and The Conservation Fund to remove school trust lands from within the BWCAW and acquire forest lands outside the wilderness for the public.”

The DNR said Minnesota’s school trust lands have provided a reliable source of money for the Permanent School Fund for more than a century, due to activities like mining and logging. The 1964 Wilderness Act and the 1978 Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness Act limit the state’s ability to use the 80,000 acres of school trust lands in the BWCAW as required by Minnesota’s constitution, officials said. 

“The resolution of this longstanding land management issue is a major win for Minnesota’s public school students,” said Aaron Vande Linde, Minnesota Office of School Trust Lands director. “The project’s culmination will result in millions of dollars deposited into the Permanent School Fund. This investment will support the state’s public education system in perpetuity, fulfilling our fiduciary duty to ensure that both current and future beneficiaries receive maximum economic returns from school trust assets.”

The DNR plans to begin the work of removing the school land trust designation from state lands within the BWCAW, with help from the Office of School Land Trusts. 

According to the U.S. Forest Service, the BWCAW is made up of more than 1 million acres, 1,200 miles of canoe routes, 12 hiking trails and more than 2,000 designated campsites.



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Minneapolis stays busy with GALA Choruses event

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“We’ve come back very, very strong, and we continue to build on that momentum,” Melvin Tennant, president and CEO of Meet Minneapolis, said.

MINNEAPOLIS — If you’ve felt like Minneapolis has been busier than normal recently, you’re right. The year has been jam packed with events so far, as hundreds of thousands have flocked to the city.

The most recent major event, the GALA Choruses, is a five-day, 7,000-singer strong LGBTQ+ choral festival featuring 200 concerts.

“It’s an incredible experience to feel like you have this community of people like you,” Jane Ramseyer Miller, artistic director for GALA Choruses, said. “And then on top of it all their choral nerds, so it’s just fun. Everybody’s singing and walking down the street and enjoying concerts.”

It’s the event’s first time in Minneapolis in decades, and has been a long time coming.

“Minneapolis has actually bid for 16 years to host this festival, so it’s about time that we’re here!” Ramseyer Miller said.

In fact, the event was supposed to happen four years ago in 2020, but was canceled because of the pandemic. Since then, the festival has continued to grow, bringing even more people to Minneapolis.

“Well, we have taken over hotel rooms all across the city,” she said. “So of course, that’s income for hotels, the same things with restaurants and businesses, bars, for sure. All of those things just help build the infrastructure for Minneapolis.”

It’s another big get for Minneapolis, adding to a year filled with large events. From the Big 10 tournaments to the success of the Wolves and Lynx, the Olympic Gymnastics Trials and Twin Cities Pride, there hasn’t been a lull.

“To really establish that momentum and let people know that things are really happening in Minneapolis, and that they need to come down and check it out,” Melvin Tennant, president and CEO of Meet Minneapolis, said.

Because of these major events, Tennant says that’s allowed them to entice other organizers to take a look at Minneapolis, using those events as recruiting pitches.

“What it means it that whenever we do one of these events, other event organizers look at us and say, ‘That is a city that I think we could see ourselves in,'” Tennant said.

“There’s nothing about Minneapolis that dissuades national customers from coming,” he added.

Business has been so good that Tennant says this June was the busiest time for hotels in Minneapolis ever.

“In June, from a hotel occupancy perspective, a little over 67%. We were about 62% this time last year,” he said. “If we go back to 2020, the occupancy was about 13%, so we’ve come back very, very strong, and we continue to build on that momentum.”



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AC companies preparing for hot, busy weekend

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With temps in the high 80s and 90s, air conditioning companies are expecting an uptick in calls for service.

MINNEAPOLIS — When you work in heating and air conditioning, summers are spent watching the weather.

When the heat comes, so do the calls for service.

“When people realize the house is heating up and they look at their thermostat and it isn’t keeping up and then the phone starts ringing you know,” said Ed Pelto of Ed’s Heating and Air.

Pelto and one of his employees spent Friday morning replacing an old AC unit from the 70s.

He says this unit is one of the oldest he has ever seen, but in 90-degree weather he says even newer units may struggle to keep up.

“Fan motors will start going out when we have consecutive days and people don’t shut it off,” Pelto said.

At Dean’s Home Services they’re also getting ready for a busy weekend.

HVAC sales and service manager David Husnik says homeowners should check their air filters now, because if they’re dirty, the AC units will have to work harder than they need to.

“Check out your mechanical room. Look and see, do I have any water dripping? Is it operating as normal? How is the humidity in my house?” Husnik said.

And check your AC unit outside.

Manager Chris Uttke also recommends cleaning out your unit now before the heat comes this weekend.

“There is a lot that can get stuck in the unit and cause it to work harder than it needs to. Cottonwood seeds, grass clippings, dust and dirt,” Uttke explained.

“What we would recommend doing is a low pressure hose, rinse the unit from top to bottom, to clean it off so it doesn’t have any issues.”

AC companies also recommend putting in a call for service as soon as possible, because they are expecting to be busy this weekend and the earlier you call the sooner a technician will be able to come and inspect your unit.



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